Tactical. Operational. Strategic. The Three Rungs on the Product Management Career Ladder
Before your mind wanders too far, let’s set the record straight. In B2B product management, tactical, operational and strategic refer to layers in the customer organization – not your job responsibilities. Master each of these customer domains and the next rung on the product management career ladder awaits.When the product management/marketing profession was in its childhood, upward mobility options were few: senior product manager, director, and VP. Today, there are far more options on the career ladder for those who don’t have director or VP aspirations. There are a multitude of roles available that encompass broader product team responsibilities without the day-to-day grind. Product strategy, market segment managers, solution marketing managers, portfolio managers, to name a few. All of them have one thing in common: they require more knowledge of the market and the customers than they do the products. Developing that market and customer expertise is easiest when it mirrors the three layers of the customer’s business.
1. Tactical – The Surrogate User/Job Expert
Typical entry-level jobs in product management include product owner, product analyst, business analyst, technical product manager, etc. Essentially, they’re all the same. Assuming most entry-level product managers know their products cold, mastering the tactical customer domain requires expertise in an area that’s even more important than the product – the job of the user. So, in all of these roles, your job is to ultimately be the surrogate user and work closely with engineers to ensure your products help people succeed at their job.In tactical product roles, the most fundamental skill required is a deep understanding of each user’s role — key job responsibilities, how people in those jobs are measured (quantitatively), and most importantly, how they perform their job responsibilities.The biggest challenge for most entry-level product managers though, is flipping their comfort zone from product knowledge to user job knowledge. Since most organizations have an abundance of product experts, newly minted product managers are wise to invest their time and energy developing strong expertise on the jobs of their users, and understanding how those job roles support the goals of their respective departments (IT, Finance, HR, etc.)That user job knowledge is the key to delivering high-value functionality in your products – and it’s ultimately the stair step that gets you to the next rung on the product management career ladder.
2. Operational – The Surrogate Department Head/Business Expert
Now that you’ve mastered the job responsibilities of the users, it’s time to step into the shoes of a department head: What’s being asked of him or her? Why? How does it impact the strategy of the customer organization?If you get clear answers to those three questions (and there are several layers to each) you have essentially identified larger scale business needs, their quantifiable value, and their strategic impact to the customer organization.Mastering the operational customer domain means that your focus shifts from tactical user needs to departmental business goals; metrics, obstacles that make those goals difficult to achieve – and for your organization, the market value of removing those obstacles. For example, if you’re going to help car rental companies compete with the likes of Uber and Lyft, it’s your responsibility is to identify the obstacles have to be eliminated (for the renter and the car rental company) to create a similar customer experience. Then you have to determine how big that problem is in the car rental market and how much it’s worth to your organization to solve. It’s not your job to figure out how the products will solve it. It’s your job to figure out how the car rental companies plan to solve it and why, and educate the surrogate users to ensure the relevant products in your portfolio are properly aimed.
3. Strategic – The Surrogate Executive/Industry Expert
When you reach the third rung on the product management career ladder, the terms “generic” and “everyone” need to be eliminated from your vocabulary. I know what you’re thinking. “Who wouldn’t love new product X? It’s just as valuable to healthcare providers as it is to retailers and banks (or your equivalents).”
Here’s the deal: from a product perspective, it may work no differently for one industry than it does all others. But a product perspective doesn’t matter at this level. What matters most is the executive buyer’s perspective and how he or she perceives the dynamics of their industry and how those dynamics are shaping the strategy of their organization.Let’s say, for example, that your solutions help utilities predict equipment failures before they happen and thus reduce the cost of the repair and disruption to customers. What utility wouldn’t love that? Before you answer the question, consider the following:If you’re targeting investor-owned utilities, the name of the game is ultimately financial return to shareholders. But if you’re targeting utilities owned by cities and municipalities, the end game is public perception and transparency. Do those different strategic goals constitute different priorities when it comes to solving business problems with strategic value? If so, why, and what’s the relative value in each market segment?Clear, quantifiable answers to those questions are the key to mastering the strategic customer domain. Don’t let your product management career aspirations be consumed with “becoming strategic.” The definition of “strategic” is about results: delivering solutions that have strategic value to the customer, which in turn delivers strategic value to your organization in the form of growth, profitability and competitive position. It takes mastery of all three layers of the customer organization, and contributions from all roles involved, to deliver, market and sell solutions with strategic value. The product management career ladder has far more options today than it did years ago, but the single biggest key to climbing that career ladder hasn’t changed. If you know what it takes to make customers successful and you can consistently deliver the solutions, everyone wins. And that makes you a highly promotable asset to any organization.This guest post was contributed by John Mansour, Founder and Managing Partner of Proficientz.About Proficientz Since 2001, Proficientz has delivered product management, product marketing and sales enablement training programs to B2B organizations in high technology, healthcare,financial services, business services, telecom, and manufacturing. What makes Proficientz unique is its portfolio approach that emphasizes solutions over products, and its hands-on, how-to approach to training. The Proficientz framework and training programs begin and end with making customers successful, and utilizing your products and services to grow profitably doing it.